Starship and Superheavy
SpaceX’s Starship and superheavy rockets are the most powerful rockets on the planet. The Starship system is a fully reusable, two-stage-to-orbit super heavy-lift launch vehicle that SpaceX is developing.
Starship has already completed a landing and belly flips maneuver as of August 2021, and later this month, Starship and Super Havey will be tested in a sub-orbital flight.
New Glenn, named after NASA astronaut John Glenn, is a heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle in development by Blue Origin.
New Glenn lifts off from Launch Complex 36 at Cape Canaveral. Following stage separation, the first stage flies back to Earth and lands nearly 1,000 km downrange on a moving ship, allowing the booster to land in heavy sea-states.
The second stage engines ignite and the 7-meter fairing separates. The mission is complete when the payload is delivered safely to orbit.
Neutron is a two-stage medium-lift launch vehicle being developed by Rocket Lab. The vehicle, which was announced on March 1, 2021, is designed to be capable of delivering an 8,000 kg (17,600 lb) payload to low Earth orbit and will focus on the growing mega constellation satellite delivery market. The vehicle is scheduled to be operational in 2024.
Reliable and cost-effective launch services for constellation deployment, cargo supply, interplanetary missions. Human spaceflight capable.
The rocket is expected to be 40 m (130 ft) tall, with a payload fairing diameter of 4.5 m (15 ft). Rocket Lab has stated that they intend to make the vehicle’s first stage reusable, with landings planned on a floating landing platform in the Atlantic Ocean.
Terran R is fully reusable including its engines, first stage, second stage, and payload fairing, and will be capable of launching over 20,000kg to low Earth orbit (LEO) in reusable configuration.
Terran R will launch from Cape Canaveral, starting in 2024.
Terran R provides both commercial and government customers affordable access to space, in LEO and beyond. Terran R helps accommodate the company’s growing pipeline of commercial interest and will also eventually offer customers a point-to-point space freighter capable of missions between the Earth, Moon, and Mars.
The RLV-TD is India’s first unmanned flying testbed, created for the Indian Space Research Organization’s (ISRO) Reusable Launch Vehicle Technology Demonstration Programme. It’s a scaled-down version of a two-stage-to-orbit (TSTO) reusable launch vehicle.
The fully developed RLV will take off vertically like a rocket, deploy a satellite into orbit, return to Earth, and land on a runway.
ISRO intends to conduct a landing experiment in Chitradurga, Karnataka, during the third quarter of 2021. The RLV will be lifted off by a helicopter and will then be released from a height of 4 km. During this experiment, RLV must glide and navigate towards the target.